Bitcoin future currency exchange rate


Author of two books on investing in gold and causes of the GFC. Great article, If Bitcoin is money or equivilant or its competitor its hard to see Governments allowing it to be controlled by anyone but themselves. Could it become a world currency with its own exchange rate?? If its money can trillions be in a manner of speaking 'digitably printed' significantly reducing its value - I do not know.

Is it possible that other organisations or countries will or can create their own versions of bitcoin. If is possible then watch out. If it is possible and no one is bothering then why? Does Bitcoin have patents or does it need patents?? Can anybody do it? If it really was a serious short term threat or alternative to doing business without traditional cash involved then I would imagine that some countries would be preparing legislation etc.

What is bitcoin backed by? Seems like its backed by the parabolic graph alone? Gold on its own has long established markets and increases in supply as it comes out of the ground. You could grow tulips. Can you make more bitcoin or maybe create a 'home label version'???

If Bitcoin is just a more secure version of say a 'pay pal' to pay bills then its really a 'so what's the big deal'. But the reverse computing the private key of a given bitcoin address is mathematically unfeasible and so users can tell others and make public a bitcoin address without compromising its corresponding private key. Moreover, the number of valid private keys is so vast that it is extremely unlikely someone will compute a key-pair that is already in use and has funds.

The vast number of valid private keys makes it unfeasible that brute force could be used for that. To be able to spend the bitcoins, the owner must know the corresponding private key and digitally sign the transaction. The network verifies the signature using the public key. If the private key is lost, the bitcoin network will not recognize any other evidence of ownership; [9] the coins are then unusable, and effectively lost.

Mining is a record-keeping service done through the use of computer processing power. To be accepted by the rest of the network, a new block must contain a so-called proof-of-work PoW. Every 2, blocks approximately 14 days at roughly 10 min per block , the difficulty target is adjusted based on the network's recent performance, with the aim of keeping the average time between new blocks at ten minutes. In this way the system automatically adapts to the total amount of mining power on the network.

The proof-of-work system, alongside the chaining of blocks, makes modifications of the blockchain extremely hard, as an attacker must modify all subsequent blocks in order for the modifications of one block to be accepted.

Computing power is often bundled together or "pooled" to reduce variance in miner income. Individual mining rigs often have to wait for long periods to confirm a block of transactions and receive payment.

In a pool, all participating miners get paid every time a participating server solves a block. This payment depends on the amount of work an individual miner contributed to help find that block. The successful miner finding the new block is rewarded with newly created bitcoins and transaction fees.

To claim the reward, a special transaction called a coinbase is included with the processed payments. The bitcoin protocol specifies that the reward for adding a block will be halved every , blocks approximately every four years. Eventually, the reward will decrease to zero, and the limit of 21 million bitcoins [f] will be reached c.

Their numbers are being released roughly every ten minutes and the rate at which they are generated would drop by half every four years until all were in circulation. A wallet stores the information necessary to transact bitcoins.

While wallets are often described as a place to hold [60] or store bitcoins, [61] due to the nature of the system, bitcoins are inseparable from the blockchain transaction ledger. A better way to describe a wallet is something that "stores the digital credentials for your bitcoin holdings" [61] and allows one to access and spend them. Bitcoin uses public-key cryptography , in which two cryptographic keys, one public and one private, are generated.

There are three modes which wallets can operate in. They have an inverse relationship with regards to trustlessness and computational requirements. Third-party internet services called online wallets offer similar functionality but may be easier to use. In this case, credentials to access funds are stored with the online wallet provider rather than on the user's hardware.

A malicious provider or a breach in server security may cause entrusted bitcoins to be stolen. An example of such a security breach occurred with Mt. Physical wallets store offline the credentials necessary to spend bitcoins. Another type of wallet called a hardware wallet keeps credentials offline while facilitating transactions. The first wallet program — simply named "Bitcoin" — was released in by Satoshi Nakamoto as open-source code. While a decentralized system cannot have an "official" implementation, Bitcoin Core is considered by some to be bitcoin's preferred implementation.

Bitcoin was designed not to need a central authority [5] and the bitcoin network is considered to be decentralized. In mining pool Ghash. The pool has voluntarily capped their hashing power at Bitcoin is pseudonymous , meaning that funds are not tied to real-world entities but rather bitcoin addresses. Owners of bitcoin addresses are not explicitly identified, but all transactions on the blockchain are public.

In addition, transactions can be linked to individuals and companies through "idioms of use" e. To heighten financial privacy, a new bitcoin address can be generated for each transaction. Wallets and similar software technically handle all bitcoins as equivalent, establishing the basic level of fungibility. Researchers have pointed out that the history of each bitcoin is registered and publicly available in the blockchain ledger, and that some users may refuse to accept bitcoins coming from controversial transactions, which would harm bitcoin's fungibility.

The blocks in the blockchain were originally limited to 32 megabyte in size. The block size limit of one megabyte was introduced by Satoshi Nakamoto in , as an anti-spam measure. On 24 August at block , , Segregated Witness SegWit went live, introducing a new transaction format where signature data is separated and known as the witness. The upgrade replaced the block size limit with a limit on a new measure called block weight , which counts non-witness data four times as much as witness data, and allows a maximum weight of 4 million.

Bitcoin is a digital asset designed by its inventor, Satoshi Nakamoto, to work as a currency. The question whether bitcoin is a currency or not is still disputed. According to research produced by Cambridge University , there were between 2. The number of users has grown significantly since , when there were , to 1.

In , the number of merchants accepting bitcoin exceeded , Reasons for this fall include high transaction fees due to bitcoin's scalability issues, long transaction times and a rise in value making consumers unwilling to spend it.

Merchants accepting bitcoin ordinarily use the services of bitcoin payment service providers such as BitPay or Coinbase. When a customer pays in bitcoin, the payment service provider accepts the bitcoin on behalf of the merchant, converts it to the local currency, and sends the obtained amount to merchant's bank account, charging a fee for the service.

Bitcoins can be bought on digital currency exchanges. According to Tony Gallippi , a co-founder of BitPay , "banks are scared to deal with bitcoin companies, even if they really want to". In a report, Bank of America Merrill Lynch stated that "we believe bitcoin can become a major means of payment for e-commerce and may emerge as a serious competitor to traditional money-transfer providers.

Plans were announced to include a bitcoin futures option on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange in Some Argentinians have bought bitcoins to protect their savings against high inflation or the possibility that governments could confiscate savings accounts. The Winklevoss twins have invested into bitcoins. Other methods of investment are bitcoin funds. The first regulated bitcoin fund was established in Jersey in July and approved by the Jersey Financial Services Commission.

Forbes named bitcoin the best investment of The price of bitcoins has gone through various cycles of appreciation and depreciation referred to by some as bubbles and busts. According to Mark T. Various journalists, [79] [] economists, [] [] and the central bank of Estonia [] have voiced concerns that bitcoin is a Ponzi scheme. In , Eric Posner , a law professor at the University of Chicago, stated that "a real Ponzi scheme takes fraud; bitcoin, by contrast, seems more like a collective delusion.

Zero Hedge claimed that the same day Dimon made his statement, JP Morgan also purchased a large amount of bitcoins for its clients. You can have cryptodollars in yen and stuff like that. Bitcoin has been labelled a speculative bubble by many including former Fed Chairman Alan Greenspan [] and economist John Quiggin. Lee, in a piece for The Washington Post pointed out that the observed cycles of appreciation and depreciation don't correspond to the definition of speculative bubble.

It's a mirage, basically. Because of bitcoin's decentralized nature, nation-states cannot shut down the network or alter its technical rules. While some countries have explicitly allowed its use and trade, others have banned or restricted it. Regulations and bans that apply to bitcoin probably extend to similar cryptocurrency systems.

Bitcoin has been criticized for the amounts of electricity consumed by mining. As of , The Economist estimated that even if all miners used modern facilities, the combined electricity consumption would be To lower the costs, bitcoin miners have set up in places like Iceland where geothermal energy is cheap and cooling Arctic air is free. The use of bitcoin by criminals has attracted the attention of financial regulators, legislative bodies, law enforcement, and the media.

Senate held a hearing on virtual currencies in November Several news outlets have asserted that the popularity of bitcoins hinges on the ability to use them to purchase illegal goods.

It will cover studies of cryptocurrencies and related technologies, and is published by the University of Pittsburgh. Authors are also asked to include a personal bitcoin address in the first page of their papers.

The documentary film, The Rise and Rise of Bitcoin late , features interviews with people who use bitcoin, such as a computer programmer and a drug dealer. In Charles Stross ' science fiction novel, Neptune's Brood , "bitcoin" a modified version is used as the universal interstellar payment system.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For a broader coverage related to this topic, see Blockchain. For a broader coverage related to this topic, see Cryptocurrency wallet. Legality of bitcoin by country or territory. Cryptography portal Business and economics portal Free and open-source software portal Internet portal Numismatics portal. The timestamp of the block is This block is unlike all other blocks in that it doesn't have a previous block to reference.

The fact is that gold miners are rewarded for producing gold, while bitcoin miners are not rewarded for producing bitcoins; they are rewarded for their record-keeping services. Archived from the original on 7 August Retrieved 25 May Archived from the original on 20 June Retrieved 20 June Archived from the original on 20 January Retrieved 30 September Archived PDF from the original on 20 March Retrieved 28 April Financial Crimes Enforcement Network.

Archived PDF from the original on 9 October Retrieved 1 June Archived from the original on 9 October Retrieved 8 October Archived PDF from the original on 21 September Retrieved 22 October Archived from the original on 24 October Retrieved 24 October The Economist Newspaper Limited. Archived from the original on 21 August Retrieved 23 September Bitcoin and its mysterious inventor". Archived from the original on 1 November Retrieved 31 October Archived from the original on 31 October Retrieved 16 November Archived from the original on 28 November Retrieved 20 November Archived PDF from the original on 10 April Retrieved 14 April The Age of Cryptocurrency: Archived from the original on 2 January Retrieved 28 December Archived from the original on 27 July Retrieved 22 December Standards vary, but there seems to be a consensus forming around Bitcoin, capitalized, for the system, the software, and the network it runs on, and bitcoin, lowercase, for the currency itself.

Is It Bitcoin, or bitcoin? The Orthography of the Cryptography". Archived from the original on 19 April Retrieved 21 April The Chronicle of Higher Education chronicle. Archived from the original on 16 April Retrieved 19 April Archived from the original on 5 January Retrieved 28 January Retrieved 2 November Archived from the original on 27 October Archived from the original on 2 November Archived from the original on 18 June Retrieved 23 April Archived PDF from the original on 14 October Retrieved 26 August Archived from the original on 11 October Retrieved 11 October Archived from the original on 21 July Archived from the original on 26 March Retrieved 13 October Archived from the original on 15 October And the Future of Money.

Archived from the original on 21 January Retrieved 20 January Archived from the original on 4 January Retrieved 24 February Here's how he describes it". Archived from the original on 27 February Archived from the original on 3 September Retrieved 2 September Archived from the original on 4 November Retrieved 4 November Archived from the original on 21 October Retrieved 7 October Archived from the original on 2 September Retrieved 6 December Archived from the original on 26 January Retrieved 24 January The Wall Street Journal.

Archived from the original on 20 August Retrieved 8 November Archived from the original on November 18, Archived from the original on 3 July Retrieved 3 July Archived from the original on 19 August Retrieved 28 June Telegraph Media Group Limited.

Archived from the original on 23 January Retrieved 7 January Archived from the original on 3 November Felten 11—12 June Archived PDF from the original on 9 May Retrieved 26 April A transaction fee is like a tip or gratuity left for the miner.

Archived from the original on 15 January Retrieved 23 January Archived from the original on 8 September Dialogue with the Fed. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Archived PDF from the original on 9 April Retrieved 16 April Lecture Notes in Computer Science.

Retrieved 4 February Archived from the original on 8 April Retrieved 26 March Why much of it is nothing more than snake oil and spin". Archived from the original on 6 September Retrieved 5 September Archived from the original on 6 July Archived from the original on 21 November Retrieved 24 November Archived from the original on 18 September Retrieved 11 September Archived from the original on 17 December Retrieved 17 December Archived from the original on 24 May Retrieved 13 July Archived from the original on 27 April Archived from the original on 30 November Retrieved 30 November Archived from the original on 27 May Retrieved 16 January Retrieved 29 November Archived PDF from the original on 5 October Retrieved 3 September Bitcoin Wallet for Apple".

Archived from the original on 12 October Retrieved 17 November